Penatalaksanaan Acute Low-tone Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Jenny Tri Yuspita Sari, Jacky Munilson, Rossy Rosalinda

Abstract

Acute Low-tone Sensorineural Hearing Loss (ALHL) merupakan ketulian mendadak sensorineural pada nada rendah dengan penyebab yang tidak diketahui secara jelas (idiopatik) dan tidak disertai dengan keluhan vertigo. Tujuan: Melaporkan ALHL sebagai salah satu kegawatdaruratan di bagian telinga hidung tenggorok bedah kepala dan leher (THT-KL) yang memerlukan tindakan penanganan yang cepat. Diagnosis dini dan penatalaksanaan segera pada kasus ALHL dapat meningkatkan angka kesembuhan dan menurunkan risiko ketulian permanen pada pasien. Kasus: Dilaporkan seorang  pasien perempuan 22 tahun dengan diagnosis Acute Low-tone Sensorineural Hearing Loss telinga kanan. Pasien datang dengan keluhan telinga berdengung, telinga terasa penuh, penurunan pendengaran tanpa disertai dengan pusing berputar. Pasien diberikan terapi kombinasi kortikosteroid dengan terapi tambahan lainnya dan menunjukkan perbaikan komplit dalam 2 minggu terapi. Simpulan: Pemberian terapi yang cepat dan tepat (terapi inisial) dapat memberikan perbaikan yang maksimal pada pasien dengan ALHL. Evaluasi  terapi awal sangat berpengaruh terhadap prognosis jangka panjang pasien  ALHL, terutama evaluasi pada satu bulan pertama.

Keywords

acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss; idiopatik; vertigo; kortikosteroid; terapi inisial

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References

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