ANTROPOMETRI SENDI PERGELANGAN KAKI ETNIS MINANGKABAU

Hafni Marsil, Rizki Rahmadian, Sylvia Rachman, Erkadius Erkadius

Abstract

Abstrak
Penelitian ini bertujuan mengukur antropometri sendi pergelangan kaki etnis Minangkabau. Penelitian cross sectional dilakukan pada 50 orang mahasiswa kedokteran etnis Minangkabau berusia 21-25 tahun di lingkungan RS. dr. M Djamil Padang. Dilakukan pemeriksaan ROM, rontgen ankle proyeksi anteroposterior, lateral dan mortise. Hasil penelitian didapatkan ROM plantarfleksi 48,920±5,820, ROM dorsofleksi 31,300±4,070, inversi 10,320±2,280, eversi 5,940±1,200, talocrural angel anteroposterior 76,530± 2,530 dan mortise 77,380±2,270, tibiofibular overlap anteroposterior 7,51±2,64 mm dan mortise 4,71±2,45 mm, tibiofibular clear space anteroposterior 3,6±1,18 mm dan mortise 3,85±1,09 mm, talar tilt anteroposterior 0,140±0,100 dan mortise 0,190±0,150, medial malleolar length anteroposterior 13,88±1,99 mm dan mortise 14,03±1,69 mm, lateral malleolar length anteroposterior 25,71±2,83 mm dan mortise 26,70±3,40 mm, johnson angle anteroposterior 87,770±1,710 dan mortise 87,570±1,840, medial clear space 2,97±0,75 mm, anteroposterior inclination angle 7,470±2,700, anterior distal tibial angle 82,530± 2,700, dan anteroposterior gap 3,50±1,43 mm.Terdapat perbedaan ukuran antropometri sendi pergelangan kaki mahasiswa kedokteran beretnis Minangkabau di lingkungan RS. Dr. M. Djamil Padang dengan kepustakaan, namun masih dalam rentang normal.

Abstract
This study aimed to measure anthropometric of ankle joint of Minangkabau ethnic group. Cross sectional study has been done in 50 Minangkabau ethnic medical students, aged 21-25 years in RSUP. Dr. M Djamil Padang. ROM, anteroposterior, lateral, and mortise X-ray projections of ankle were examined. ROM plantarflexion was 48.920±5.820, ROM dorsiflexion was 4.070±31.300, inversion was 10.320±2.280, eversion was 5.940±1.200, talocrural angel anteroposterior was 76.530±2.530 and mortise was 77.380±2.270, tibiofibular overlapp anteroposterior was 7.51±2,64 mm and mortise was 4.71±2,45 mm, tibiofibular clear space anteroposterior was 3.6±1.18 mm and mortise was 3.85±1.09 mm, talar tilt anteroposterior was 0.140 ± 0.100 and mortise was 0.190 ± 0.150, medial malleolar length anteroposterior was 13.88 ± 1,99mm and mortise was 14.03 ± 1,69mm, lateral length malleolar anteroposterior was 25.71±2,83 mm and mortise was 26.70 ± 3,40 mm, johnson angle anteroposterior was 87.770 ± 1.710 and mortise was 87.570±1.840, medial clear Space was 2,97±0,75 mm, anteroposterior Inclination Angle was 7.470±2.700, anterior distal tibial Angle was 82.530 ± 2.700 and anteroposterior gap was 3.50 ± 1,43 mm. There was a difference in antropometric size of the ankle joint between Minangkabau ethnic medical student in RSUP. Dr. M. Djamil Padang and literature, but still within the normal range.

Keywords

antropometri; pergelangan kaki; Minangkabau; anthropometry; ankle joint; Minangkabau

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