ABSES HATI PIOGENIK

Yusri Dianne Jurnalis, Delfican Delfican, Yorva Sayoeti

Abstract

Abstrak
Abses hati piogenik merupakan suatu kondisi yang berat dan mengancam kehidupan dengan angka mortalitas yang tinggi sehingga membutuhkan diagnostik dan terapi yang akurat. Gejala yang paling sering ditemukan adalah nyeri perut bagian atas, hepatomegali, demam tinggi, mual dan muntah. Gejala ini bervariasi sesuai ukuran abses, keadaan umum pasien, adanya penyakit dasar dan komplikasi. Pada sebagian besar kasus, penyakit dasarnya tidak diketahui. Abses biasanya soliter dan terletak di lobus kanan hati. USG dan CT scan abdomen merupakan sarana diagnostik utama. Abses hati piogenik diterapi dengan aspirasi perkutaneus bersamaan dengan antibiotik. Jika gagal, drainase dengan pembedahan dibutuhkan. Dengan adanya terapi invasif yang minimal seperti aspirasi jarum perkutaneus atau drainase kateter yang dipandu secara radiologis serta ketersediaan antibiotik berspektrum luas, pasien jarang membutuhkan tindakan pembedahan saat ini.
Kata kunci : abses hati piogenik, aspirasi perkutaneus, drainase bedah
Abstract
Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a serious, life threatening condition with a high mortality rate that represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The most common presenting clinical symptoms are upper abdominal pain, tenderness, hepatomegaly, high-grade fever, nausea and vomiting. These features are variable depending upon the size of the abscess, general health of the patient, associated diseases and complications. In majority of the cases, the underlying cause could not be identified. Majority of abscesses are solitary and are noted in the right lobe of liver. USG and CT of the abdomen are the main tools of diagnosis. PLAs are mainly treated by percutaneous aspiration under antibiotic cover. If fails, surgical drainage becomes necessary. However, with the advent of minimally invasive therapy such as image-guided percutaneous needle aspiration or catheter drainage and the availability of broadspectrum antibiotics, patients with PLA nowadays seldom require open surgery for treatment.
Key word : pyogenic liver abscess, percutaneous aspiration, surgical drainage

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