ANALISIS REGRESI LOGISTIK UNTUK FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STATUS GIZI REMAJA

Riska Habriel Ruslie, Darmadi Darmadi

Abstract

Abstrak
Sebagian besar penelitian tentang gizi lebih memperhatikan masalah ketidakseimbangan antara asupan makan dan aktivitas fisik dan kurang memperhatikan faktor-faktor lainnya seperti body image, depresi, dan gender secara terintegrasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui prevalensi status gizi remaja dan hubungannya dengan pelbagai aspek seperti nutrisi, aktivitas fisik, body image, depresi, dan gender. Dilakukan penelitian cross-sectional terhadap mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Atma Jaya Jakarta. Melalui perhitungan besar sampel dipilih 147 mahasiswa secara Simple Random Sampling. Terdapat 3 responden yang dikeluarkan sebab menderita penyakit kronik. Terhadap responden dilakukan wawancara mengenai asupan makan, aktivitas fisik, body image, dan depresi menggunakan kuesioner yang sudah diuji coba. Dengan Program SPSS versi 16 dilakukan analisis univariat, bivariat, dan multivariat. Didapatkan prevalensi underweight 9,03%, status gizi normal 70,83%, dan overweight 20,14%. Hasil studi menunjukkan asupan makan yang berlebih, aktivitas fisik kurang, body image positif, dan mahasiswa laki-laki berhubungan secara signifikan dengan overweight (p-value <0,05).
Kata kunci : Status Gizi, Body Image, Depresi, Remaja
Abstract
Most studies in nutrition gave more concern in the imbalance between food intake and physical activity, however less concern was given to other factors such as body image, depression, and gender. The purpose of this research is to know about adolescents’ nutritional status prevalence and its relation with other aspects such as food intake, physical activity, body image, depression, and gender. This study was done using cross sectional method. Population of this study was the students of the Faculty of Medicine of Atma Jaya Catholic University. 147 were chosen randomly with Simple Random Sampling. Three respondents were excluded because they had chronic illness. The respondents were questioned about food intake, physical activity, body image, and depression using validated questionnaires. Univariate, bivariate, multivariate analyses were done by SPSS version 16. The result shows the prevalence of underweight 9,03%, normal nutritional status 70,83%, and overweight 20,14%. Higher food intake, less physical activity, positive body image, and male are related significantly with overweight (p-value <0,05).
Key word : Nutritional Status, Body Image, Depression, Adolescent

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